Clearinghouse Project

Blue composite image of an humanoid robot pointing to its temple, with the letters AI glowing in the background.

AI-DR Program Automated Decision-Making and the Law Clearinghouse Project

Automated decision-making or the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) as part of organizational processes has now become a regular feature of our society. From receiving a job offer, to being allowed bail, to being afforded a credit line, to directions for medical treatment, consequential decisions have increasingly been delegated to automated systems. One public perception is that automated decision-making is fairer, or could even be more lawful. This perception stems from the belief that human bias may be eliminated in automated decisions. However, as emerging research has shown, unlawful discrimination can flow from the bias that remains encoded in automated decision-making systems. The increasing evidence of unlawful discrimination resulting from bias in automated decision-making systems has created an urgent need for the law to attend to the development and use of these systems to preserve the bedrock legal principles of equal protection and equal opportunity.

The aim of this clearinghouse project thus is to highlight seminal and impactful articles focused on issues of AI Decision-Making and the law.The AI-DR Program is pleased to share a searchable database of legal scholarly articles related to AI, automated decision-making and the law.

Below we highlight the seminal or topical articles in the following sensitive areas:

(A) AI and Administrative Work, (B) AI and Criminal Justice, (C) AI and Education, (D) AI and Employment, (E) AI and Financial systems, (F) AI and Health, (G) AI, Immigration, and Human Rights, (H) AI Regulation, (I) AI and Surveillance, (J) International/Comparative Regulation, and (K) Regulatory Approaches. We also introduce books, documentary films, and other media that have been created to address legal issues stemming from the use of automated decision-making. We hope that this clearinghouse will serve as a useful resource for a wide array of stakeholders including: legal scholars, practitioners, media, and students of AI and the Law at every level.

AI and Administrative Work

AI and Criminal Justice

AI and Education

AI and Employment

AI and Financial Systems

AI and Health

AI, Immigration and Human Rights

AI, Race, and the Law

AI Regulation

AI and Surveillance

AI and War

International/Comparative AI Regulation

Regulatory Approaches

Books on AI and the Law

Teaching Media on AI and the Law:

  • Documentary Films
    • Coded Bias
    • Persona
    • The Social Dilemma
    • In the Age of AI (Frontline)
    • Lo and Behold, Reveries of the Connected World
    • Open Source Stories: Road to AI
  • Documentary Series
    • The Age of A.I.


Associate Professor of Law
Founding Director of the Artificial Intelligence and Decision-Making Research Program

Ifeoma Ajunwa joined Carolina Law in January of 2021 as an Associate Professor of Law with tenure. She is also the Founding Director of the AI Decision-Making Research Program. Professor Ajunwa has been Faculty Associate at the Berkman Klein Center at Harvard Law School since 2017. Her research interests include: Race & the Law, Law & Technology, Employment & Labor Law, Health Law, etc. She has a budding interest in law & literature. Professor Ajunwa’s work is published or forthcoming in high impact factor law reviews of general interest: the California Law Review, Cardozo Law Review, Fordham Law Review, and Northwestern Law Review, as well as, the top law journals for specialty areas such as: anti-discrimination law (Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review), employment and labor law (Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law), and law and technology (Harvard Journal of Law and Technology). She has published op-eds in the New York Times, Washington Post, The Atlantic, etc., and her research has been featured in major media outlets such as the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, CNN, Guardian, the BBC, NPR, etc. In 2020, she testified before the U.S. Congressional Committee on Education and Labor, and has spoken before governmental agencies, such as, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the CFPB), and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (the EEOC). In 2018, the Association of American Law Schools (AALS) awarded Professor Ajunwa the Derrick A. Bell Award in recognition of her scholarly and teaching efforts addressing racial discrimination. In 2019, the National Science Foundation (NSF) selected her NSF CAREER Award proposal on automated hiring for funding. And in 2020, She received a pioneer grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to research genetic testing as part of workplace wellness programs.

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