- J.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1976)
- M.A., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1972)
- B.A. (honors), Duke University (1971)
Use of Last Resort Housing Benefits and Redevelopment Powers to Preserve a Low-Income Community Threatened With Displacement: A Case History (with M. Calhoun), 22 CLEARINGHOUSE REV. 442 (1988).